The New "Space-Time" Following the 1905’s Einsteins Special Theory of Relativity, it was discovered that time and space are connected in a very important manner, which is dependent on the perception of the individual observer. This theory introduced the idea of conceptual likelihood of numerous individual incidences of space and time and combined the two elements strongly together with the idea of motion. The new ‘space-time’ concept was interestingly invented by Giedion (1941), who described it in respect to architecture and the arts of the early 20th century – this concept is differentiated by the same concepts with Einstein’s theory regardless of whether is it deliberately related to this theory.
The two perspectives can be described through the likelihood of overlapping and irregular space-time as well as the appeal with movement. Futurists were mainly concerned with the understanding from the perspective of movement which is structured by the force fields. As Carra (1993) put it "to present the motion of any given moment, the currents and the centers of the forces which constitute the individuality and synthesis of the movement itself" (p.
304). Elsewhere, Giedeon (1941) argued that "the common background of space-time has been explored by the cubists through spatial representation and by the futurists through research into movement" (p. 125). However, the influence architecture is more from cubism rather than futurism, who develops the idea of slab and plane. The fragmentation of the picture plane progressed into, amongst others, the architecture of the Bauhaus and Le Corbusier. From this perspective, his argument is that modern architects invented a new idea of space that was concerned with interaction between outer and inner space rather than interior volumes.
Giedeon (1941) explained one of the best illustrations of a construction in space-time, as presented by Le Corbusier’s villa Savoie (1928-1930). In this illustration, a cross section at any point reveals the outer and inner space piercing each other inextricably. In this new concept of interspersing spaces, time is very important. However, Giedion (1941) presents a very radical perspective since he does not consider movement and time albeit laying his groundwork with a futurism discussion. The invention of cinema, train and telephone at the beginning of the 20th century contributed to a fundamental acknowledgement and consciousness of a different perspective of time-space.
Aumont (1989) explored the degree to which the discovery of train introduced a new mass experience of viewing.
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