Ontologies can be effective in improving the students’ confidence (Cumming, Okamoto & Gomez, 1999). Axiology is the study of value in the field of philosophy. The two values that are mostly studied in axiology are ethics and aesthetics. This topic will seek to address the value of research or other focus on the purpose of research. Research can be done in order to develop an understanding of a certain topic. On the other hand, research can be meant to answer questions which might be burning to the individual conducting it (Bahm, 1993).
The value of this research is to develop an understanding of how students develop confidence across their three years in college and also answer the question as to whether college education helps students enhance their confidence. Student retention at the university is becoming an increasingly concerning issue. Many students who join the first year will either drop out before progression to the second year or they fail in the first year. It has become a worrying issue noting that about a quarter of students who join university do not get past that stage.
According to Johnston 1997, it is a big challenge to collect data related to why students actually drop or fail to progress to the second year. One reliable source of information could be academic staff (Mikk, Veisson & Luik, 2010). They may have knowledge as to why students fail to progress since they interact with them each day while at school and therefore have a chance to understand the state of students. Research has indicated that the issues that can cause students to drop out could either be academic or non- academic.
The survey by Johnston 1997 indicates that non- academic problems have been confirmed to cause more dropouts as compared to academic problems. In addition, non- academic problems are usually complex and difficult to solve. In fact, teachers may not be in a position to help students in such situations since most of these problems happen outside school. On the other academic factors that lead to dropouts may be handled at school.
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