Taylor is credited with introducing specialization and division of labor, which aim at splitting work into stages and assigning employees work according to their level of capability. Specialization and division of labor are critical as it increases the level of productivity and enables workers to develop skills in the tasks they are best suited (Allen, Maguire & McKelvey, 2011). However, Taylor emphasized on drawing strict lines between tasks and making each employee perform their only tasks throughout their stay in the factories. If managers apply this principle on the same basis, it will only create machines in people who cannot handle even the easiest requirement in a different task.
Excessive division of labor and specialization also causes boredom and limits the experience of workers in the organization concerning matters in other production sections (Taylor, 2003). The current workplace prefers people with knowledge, skills, and experience in several disciplines. For example, an accountant may have marketing skills, be experienced in driving, and be equipped with some teaching skills. Diverse employees make it possible for superiors to delegate and reduce chances of work ceasing if an employee is absent due to unavoidable circumstances (Ingraham, Pierre & Peters, 2010).
Taylor’ s principles, unless they are tailored to suit organizational prospects, limit the desired visionary leadership of the modern world. According to Max Weber, bureaucracy was the term used for describing organizations that are superior to others. Weber argued that an ideal organization should be characterized by clear lines between superiors and subordinates with rationally thought and objectives and activities (Styhre, 2007). Unrests that were witnessed during the industrial revolution made Weber prefer highly skilled and experienced people to run organizations to inexperienced workers.
Bureaucracies hire only exceptionally skilled people on technical matters regardless of whether these employees have desirable administrative skills or not.
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