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Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Symptoms in Case of Matt in School: Theories of Causation, Social Causes

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The theories of causation refer or explain the relationships between an event which is a cause and a second event which is an effect whereby the second event is understood as a consequence of the first (Barkley & Murphy, 2005). The theories can also be the relationship between a set of factors which and a phenomenon which is the effects. The theories hold that anything that affects an effect is a factor of that effect. A direct factor is a factor that affects an effect directly without any intervening factors (Fischer, 1990).

Therefore, the philosophical treatment of causation extends over to a long discussion which touches on Aristotle’ s topics which is a staple in contemporary philosophy (Unnever, Cullen & Pratt, 2003). Over the years Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) has been recognized by doctors and it is a problem common in childhood and may continue into adulthood (Harrison & Sofronoff, 2002). There has been a continued diagnosis of the causes of ADHD of which understanding has remained in progress (Unnever, Cullen & Pratt, 2003). Many theories about ADHD causes have been considered over the years some of which include lack of good parenting, stressful family situations, lack of structure of school, excessive exposure to social media among other causes.

However, this discussion will present only the biological and the social or cognitive causes (Harrison & Sofronoff, 2002). Social Causes Fischer (1990) has it that the social construction theory of the Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) tries to argue that the ADHD is not necessarily a medical diagnosis problem but rather it comes as a result of a social construction of a child (Barkley & Murphy, 2005).

This theory describes behaviors that are not truly pathological but rather those behaviors that do not meet the social norms of an individual of the community from which the child is brought up in (Unnever, Cullen & Pratt, 2003).

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preview essay on Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Symptoms in Case of Matt in School: Theories of Causation, Social Causes
  • Pages: 9 (2250 words)
  • Document Type: Essay
  • Subject: Psychology
  • Level: Undergraduate
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