Lots of youths are also not satisfied with their earnings; thus, they participate in criminal activities to sustain their livelihoods. The peers have also been said to encourage deviant is of the opinion that crime can be minimized in ethnic areas through various approaches that touch on the environmental design. The author indicates that major crimes revolve around rape, violence, robbery and even theft. These crimes have been said to occur with time. A prevention of the same includes providing an environmental design that provides for surveillance and security services such as alarms, CCTVs and even proper lighting.
In the event that all buildings would enforce such security mechanisms, it is possible to minimize the rates of crimes in the society. , Ludwig, J. & Katz, Ludwig & Katz are of the opinion that the neighborhood has a huge role to play in criminal behavior. The authors give a good example of poverty stricken areas that have recorded high levels of arrests especially of female youths. The crimes reported involved property crimes, violence and aggression. In the event that the control group was shifted in other areas, there was a huge reduction of the crime arrests.
This explains that the environment plays a major role in determining criminal behavior since the males and females of the poor backgrounds recorded higher crime rates prior to their relocation. In this article, the author is of the opinion that genetics plays a major role in criminal behavior as opposed to the usual perception on the environment being the major cause of criminal behavior. Due to neurological damage, the author indicates that the individuals in question are prone to engaging in criminal behavior.
Other effects on the brain either post-natal or pre-natal have been indicate to also cause brain damage; thus, aggressive and violent behavior. However, the author is of the opinion that criminal behavior can be curbed by the courts and the police. Sakip, Johari & Salleh are of the opinion that the
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