The present research has identified that advocates of immigration, argue that it is justified to encourage immigration in order to boost the labor market, which is continually crippled by the rising number of aging population, and shortages of skilled workforce in some sectors of the labor market. However, Migration Watch UK, which is a pressure group against immigration, stated that inward labor migration comes with its adjoining cost to the UK that includes decreased wages and salaries for local workers because of abundant labor supply. This is to say that, with an increase in inward labor migration, the UK labor market is likely to witness an increase in labor supply, which according to the general theories of economics will lead to a decrease in demand.
With decreased demand for labor, economic theories also stipulate there will be a decrease in cost of labor since employers can cheaply acquire labor, which is abundant in supply. Another potential cost for inward labor migration to the UK is increased cases of unemployment that can occur when immigrants have skills that are irrelevant to the market demands.
This is mainly attributed to the fact that immigrants undergo a different learning syllabus that does not reflect the demands of the labor market in the UK. Secondly, there is a scenario whereby personnel that is more qualified may migrate into the UK thus limiting the chances of less qualified British nationals from getting employment. This will also equally lead to an increase in unemployment levels within the country. Thirdly, Dustmann stated that an additional increase in the number of inward labor migration to the UK definitely increases pressure on the welfare of workers, which include health, housing, and benefits.
The increased pressure on welfare necessitates an increase in taxes to finance government expenditure on additional infrastructures required to support the growing demand. Summarily, it can be stated that inward labor migration to the UK leads to an increase in taxes, which lowers disposable income of domestic workers and even lowers their living standards.
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