Its history dates back to the 1819 when it first became a British colony after the recognition of its huge potential despite being a swamp-covered island which earned it the name “a sleepy island”. It began as a trading centre and this made it to swiftly grow thereby attracting immigrants from India, China and Malaysia and even beyond Asia. By mid-1860s, it was a chief port-of-call for ships trading between Europe and East Asia hence transforming it into a great entrepot. This was further facilitated by the opening of the Suez Canal in the 1869 and the invention of a new technology called the steamship.
This made it to immensely enjoy unparalleled prosperity as its trade grew eightfold between 1874 and 1913 (Expat Singapore, 2015). However, this came to an end in 1941 when it was attacked by Japan after which it remained under the Japanese control for three and a half years. It then reverted to the British administration in 1945 on their return to Singapore. It then had its first political competition in 1955 after which it attained a self-rule in 1959, the year in which it held its first general election.
It merged with the Malaysian Federation due to economic reasons as it was argued that it was a very small island that could not survive on its own. But the union was short-lived as it separated from Malaysia after 2 years to become a sovereign, democratic and independent country (Expat Singapore, 2015). Currently, it is one of the prosperous countries in the world due to its robust global trade connections and with its port being a top world’s busiest ports in terms of the handled tonnage.
Its per capita GDP is also equal to that of the leading and developed Western countries (CIA, 2015). India is located in the Southern Asia and it borders the Arabian Sea and Bengal Bay in the middle of Burma and Pakistan and is a third of the size of Europe. It is a federal state with different governments and is characterized with a long and dramatic and cultural history. It began with the Indus civilization which extended into the north-western India and flourished in the third and second millennia B.
The north-west Aryan tribes infiltrated the Indian sub-continent in 1500 B. merging with the Dravidian natives resulting into the conventional Indian culture (Twain, n. The merging is attributed to the Maurya Empire of the fourth and third century B. C, which
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