Once an antibiotic is induced in the system, it creates an environment that is not conducive for bacteria. However, the conditions created by induction of antibiotic does not inhibit existence of bacteria that are resistant. Once the resistant bacteria are left, there is likely to be spread of resistance gene throughout the system especially to the daughter cells. Due to the adopted resistance levels, the antibiotics become ineffective in the particular system that has become resistant. This then necessitates development of new antibiotics that can be able to destroy the bacteria despite their resistive state.
Resistant genes have been in existence for a long time a fact that can arguably be attributed to ability to mutate. Natural mutations may arguably be considered to cause only low levels of gene resistance prevalence. This implies that antibiotic resistance mostly emanates from continued use of antibiotic medication. However, antibiotic resistance cases have increased in the recent with increased antibiotic use. For example, a report showed that the number of antibiotic resistant infections rose to 300,000 cases in 2005, which is almost doubles the number of cases in 2000, and that there were hardly any cases before 2000 (The Observatory, 2008, p. 1).
This implies that continued use of antibiotics is a leading factor to creating resistance. Creation of new antibiotics to deal with the problem of resistance is therefore imminent. However, creating new antibiotics that are effective in resistant environments and at the same time meet the required threshold for antibiotics, is still a great challenge. This can be attributed to the fact that creation of effective antibiotics is heavily dependent on high costs and require relatively long periods of time to create.
However, in some cases the need to create new antibiotics in under the constraints of time limit therefore making it even harder to make the best antibiotics. Additionally, creating new antibiotics requires time to study the new forms of resistance gene in order to create an effective antibiotic that is effective even in resistant environments. Therefore, the increasing cases of antibiotic resistance pose a great threat to the health sector. With increased spread of health care centers that mainly deal with issuance of medication, the problem of antibiotic resistance has further burgeoned.
For example, in some area sale of drugs over the counter without prescription is not discouraged or disallowed hence facilitating excessive use of drugs.
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