Mothering and family tradition, in general, is shaken up by many trends today that emerge due to modernization. Other factors that challenge the ideology of intensive mothering include early adulthood, cohabiting and ‘ living apart together’ . Translational Motherhood refers to an arrangement where women from other countries work as immigrants in foreign countries. According to Hondagneu- Sotelo and Avila, these women participate in the role of taking care of children in these foreign countries, whereas their own children remain in their home countries. Examples of these women include African American women and Caribbean women.
The period of separation of these women from their children and families differ and may last as long as ten years. Translational motherhood defies the social and historical definition and expectation of motherhood, even though many situational factors facilitate it. Such factors include job scarcity and labour demand for Latina women. Translational motherhood requires mothers to mother children born by other women. To add to that, they are required to let go of their personal relationship with their own children for some time while doing their work. This fact has brought a new meaning to motherhood which contradicts the initial definition of motherhood.
Traditionally, motherhood entailed bringing up of one’ s own children, where mothers educate them on how to be responsible people in society. The families of Latina women working in foreign countries are taken care of by the eldest daughters of the families. When conditions are extremely bad, even children work as servants. Hondagneu- Sotelo and Avila’ s perception of motherhood corresponds to Hays’ take on intensive mothering ideologies. Both the authors agree with the fact that the definition of motherhood has changed to suit the different conditions in the contemporary world.
Hondagneu-Sotelo and Avila view translational motherhood as an emergent aspect that is essential in certain conditions like extreme poverty.
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