Chopin’ s life influenced her stories by relating biographical incidents and their relationship to her fictional characters. As regards “ The Storm, ’ Clatworthy argues that Chopin’ s views on liberation and the importance of being who you are, are the primary forces. If Alcee, as a male, was allowed to transgress, then why should not Calixta? This line of thinking is quite evident in “ The Storm. ” While it may have been an expression of Calixta’ s ownership over her own body, as Clatworthy argues, it was unacceptable for the age in question. Indeed, this scene is not simply Calixta’ s defiance of societal shackles but Chopin’ s own rebellion against the limitations which societal norms impose upon her, as a female author.
Farca uses Foucault's theory on power and authority as a framework for her reading of Chopin’ s “ The Storm. ” Foucault maintained that the traditional power holders laud down the law and established social structures and norms. Within the context of Chopin’ s times and the setting of her stories, the traditional power holders were the males and society was, accordingly, patriarchal. Chopin’ s characters rebelled against patriarchy and, in a very real sense, chipped away at its foundations.
Farca establishes the stated with regards to Calixta’ s relationship with her husband and her son, establishing her as the powerholder within the family, and again in her affair with Alcee, positioning her as an autonomous thinking being, irrespective of gender. The use of Foucault's theory as an interpretative framework is a very interesting strategy as it allows for a much deeper exploration of the story’ s meaning and authorial message. Fluck’ s articles focus on Calixta’ s transgression against her marital vows, her responsibilities as a mother and her duties as a wife.
To all intents and purposes, Calixta transgressed against all societal norms regarding acceptable behavior for wives, mothers, and females. There is no doubt that any who read the story at the time it was written would have arrived at that conclusion.
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