The rituals started by Jack and which are ultimately followed by his in-group members of hunting, applying mud on their faces and chanting songs like savages brings them closer together hence establishing group bonding. The lifestyle they chose is different from what Ralph’ s group is doing and hence group boundaries are created by the differences. (Golding, 77). Important symbols like Piggy’ s glasses which represent life and power as they are the only ones that can light a fire lead to further cementing group boundaries and bonding. The fire which is created by the glasses brings the group together as one as they gather around it to warm and cook and keeps the other group further away.
The concho which is also a symbol of intelligence and authority through advising the leader further acts to bond the group together. This is probably the reason why Jack’ s group breaks the concho and steals the glasses to bring their group closer together and create boundaries with the out-group (Ralph’ s group). The fear of the imaginary “ beast” which a few of the boys have further acts to drift the group apart since some of the group members believed in the beast while the others did not.
Jack believed in the beast and even set out to find and kill it and this brave action enticed the scared boys to join his group once he broke up from the main group. This group with its agenda of defeating the beast (which in the real sense was just a cadaver) found that they bonded more and continued to separate and drift away from the other group that did not believe in the beast.
This fear, however, made them kill Simon whom they thought was the beast when he crawled into their camp to tell them that the beast was nothing but a cadaver. Jack’ s group drifted further apart from Ralph’ s group and they started seeing them as out-group as they were non-believers of the beast (Golding, 132). Even though both Ralph and Jack were chosen as the leaders of the group and they eventually became rival leaders each heading his own group, they had different leadership styles.
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