The text involves analysis of ethical concepts such as rights based approach and utilitarianism. Introduction It would not be a mistake to point out that the social environment should be regarded as one of the irreplaceable prerequisites for the development of the human inner potential. However, any society consists of smaller units, known as families. While families choose not to give birth to children, the majority regards this as their primary function. Nevertheless, the concept of parenting is not as simple as it seems: there are numerous ethical aspects that are involved in it beginning from the very right to being a parent and up to what makes a person qualify as a parent.
Discussion of ideas To begin with, it would be advantageous to analyze the idea of right of parenthood. If one takes a close look at the history of the development of the social environment, one can not help noticing that the public has always defined the limits of parenthood. In other words, this category is not objective and is largely influences by the peculiarities of social life.
For example, closer to the end of the previous century, right to parenthood was not seen as an exclusive right of heterosexuals, but this scope was enlarged to cover homosexuals as well (Hanscombe, 1983, 134). In any case this issue should be viewed from different perspectives: a legal right that every citizen is entitled to as well as a moral right of a person. It must be noted that there are numerous families who are willing to become parents, but are not able to because of various reasons. While there may be biological obstacles, such as lack of fertility, same sex couples are also experiencing a desire to have a child.
The latest technological advancements suggest that theoretically it is possible to give birth to a child that will be genetically to two same sex parents (Newson, 2005, 185). In other words, the society actively supports all kinds of families that would like to act as parents. Nevertheless, this support does not mean that there should be a universal right to become a parent, as there may be certain aspects that make a person unfit for this role.
For example, the applicable law as well as public opinion suggests that those individuals who are experiencing some kind of addiction or are not mature enough should not be recognized as parents (Schepard, 2004, 15). In other words, if a person is not independent enough in various meanings of this notion, one should become a parent. Speaking of the way a person may be recognized as a one who qualifies for a role of a good parent, one should point out that this is primarily carried out through personal determination as well as public opinion.
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