It is a form of existential or experimental psychotherapy that reiterates on personal responsibility. It focuses on individual current (present) experience, the therapist and client relationship, social and environment aspects of an individual’ s life. The therapy stresses on awareness and integration. The integration entails the functioning of the body and mind. In addition, it factors changes people make out of situations. The theory of personality vindicates that people exist by differentiating their self-form from other forms and through connecting oneself and others (Philippson, 2012). This is due to the existence of boundaries of self and the environment.
In this therapy, the first goal is the client being aware of the current experience. The theory rest on the following four methods: Phenomenological, dialogical relationship, field theory, and experiment. For an instant, in field theory, the client is a participant as the environment contains the therapist, client and what goes on between the two. The past feelings are not expressed in this kind of therapy. Through the contact, individuals are encouraged to interact with the environment as well as other persons while maintaining individuality.
However, clients tend to create boundaries that become stumbling blocks into experiencing the present. These boundaries are introjections, projection, deflection, confluence, and retroflection. Introjections arise when individuals consume other peoples beliefs without analysis if those convictions commensurate with their individuality. As for projection, an individual discovers some aspects by assigning these aspects to the environment. However, retroflection entails the reflection of doing the thing to other people in ways we would like other people to do them to us while deflection encompasses withdrawing in the manner that makes it difficult to sustain a sense of contact (Brownell, 2010). The component of the therapy is the continuum of experience, the experiment, the present (here and now), authentic encounter, the paradoxical theory of change, and oriented diagnosis.
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