According to the theory, criminality or criminal intent is something that inherited by the alleged criminals, and so the “ born criminal” can be identified by observing his/her physical features or ‘ defects’ . Although this theory of judging a person by his/her physical characteristics was and may seem controversial, it provided key inputs to the field of criminology. Lombroso compiled all the tenets of his theory in a multi-edition book called Criminal Man, thus discussing his theory in a detailed manner with case-examples, illustrations, etc. The Criminal Man or Luomo delinquency was first published in 1876, and it went through five editions during the lifetime of Lombroso.
In each of the edition, Lombroso incorporated and expanded on his theories about innate criminality, thereby coming up with a refined and at the same time a more ‘ evolved’ theoretical perspectives about how physical features can be a clear ‘ mirror’ of the criminal intent. All those five editions were in Italian until it was translated and produced for the first time into English in 1911. It was produced shortly after his death by is a daughter and was translated by an anonymous author.
However, it was considered as incomplete editions because it does not feature all or maximum content from the 5 editions prepared by Lombroso. Then in 1972, the same edition was reprinted by Patterson Smith and most of the content seems to have been authored by Lombroso's daughter, Gina Lombroso-Ferrero and not by her father. The latest edition translated by Mary Gibson and Nicole Hahn Rafter is considered as an encompassing one, as it include materials from all the five editions. “ In this new translation, Mary Gibson and Nicole Hahn Rafter bring together for the first time excerpts from all five editions in order to represent the development of Lombroso’ s thought and his positivistic approach to understanding criminal behavior. ” (Back Cover, Lombroso, 2006). In the book, Lombroso focuses on the key perspectives of how physical abnormalities can contribute to criminal intent in humans.
Then, also how those physical defects and thereby the criminal intent arose in the criminals or humans due to their reversion to the primitive type of men, who roamed the ancient earth as savages.
That is, he was of the opinion that humans who exhibited defects in any parts of the body including both external and internal organs are more prone
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