Among the military leaders involved in the coup was Colonel Juan Peron, who took over as the president. In 1946, he was elected the president and changed the constitution to favor a powerful presidency. His supporters even amended registration to spell strict punishments for anyone seen to be opposing the government. This led to the imprisonment of opponents, and suppression of any independent newspapers. In 1951, Juan was re-elected with a huge majority, but by 1952, his support started to wane (Broadsky, 2003). In June 1955 an attempted coup by the navy was crushed by the army, who were still loyal to him.
This was, however, a short-lived relief, because, in September the same year, a combined operation by the three arms of the military overthrew Juan’ s administration. After intense fighting Juan resigned and went into exile in Paraguay, and later Spain. The new regime returned the federal constitution but another coup in 1966 lead by Juan Ongania returned military rule. In 1973, the Peronian party won the elections and Hector Campora became the president. Later, after some time, Juan Peron returned to Buenos Aires.
Argentina became a target of several terrorists’ attacks and President Campora resigned, giving power back to Juan Peron in September 1973. In 1974, Juan died while in office and his third wife Isabel replaced him. Her tenure was characterized by increased terrorist attacks and high inflation. This is when General Jorge Videla seized power in another coup (Foster, 2014). Marcelo Brodsky, an Argentine who was both a human rights activist, and an artist, and who was residing in Argentina by this time, went into exile in Barcelona.
It is while there that he took keen interest and learned photography. He returned to Argentina in 1984, after the fall of the dictatorial leadership. The memories of the atrocities meted on his people were still fresh in him. In 1996, Brodsky thought of creating a memory bridge between his own memories and the future generations (Battiti, 2010).
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