According to Roush, “ the fundamental problem was the failure to resolve in advance of action. ” Whether his actions came from a belief that the contrast should be funded or that he should follow the orders of his superiors despite the illegality of the orders, he chosen actions brought disgrace to this country. North’ s destroying of the government files that would have implicated others furthered his disdain for the laws of his country. Though he claimed that he was merely protecting other people’ s lives, that was not his decision to make. Each person involved in this matter had to go through the same process as he did to decide what course of action to take. They all took the same course of action, which was to knowingly violate the Boland Amendment and the arms embargo against Iran and to do so without the knowledge of the public.
The former National Security Advisor John Poindexter had similar choices to make. Where the whole process seems to get murky is where the president’ s involvement comes into play. Reagan claimed to have little to no knowledge of the actions as they were happening; though there is no proof of his involvement, few people doubt his unofficial authorization was granted. It is a well-known fact that Reagan waged a war against communism and socialism during his years as president; it is difficult to imagine Reagan not at least turning a blind eye to his National Security Council’ s involvement with the Contras. Even though it was in clear violation of the Boland Amendment, there seems to be some degree of questioning as to whether or not the actions that took place were outside of the bounds of presidential power. According to D.
Bruce Hicks, “ The ‘ Minority Report’ countered that ‘ much of what President Reagan did in his actions toward Nicaragua and Iran were constitutionally protected exercises of inherent Presidential power’ “ (1). If this is the case, then herein lies the first problem to Roush’ s paradigm. For the paradigm to work, the system in which it is being practiced must not contain any contradictions or loopholes.
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