In the Judiciary branch of the government, there are three different types of sources of law that must be put into consideration before reaching a decision. These sources are primary, secondary, and finding tool. The primary sources that have to be consulted are the official pronouncement made by the government’ s lawmakers. In order to reach a decision, the government has to accommodate the court decisions, the statutes, and regulations. Secondly, the government must put into consideration the secondary sources of law because they are the ones that review legal problems. Finally, finding tools are consulted because they facilitate access to primary and secondary sources.
The finding tools include indexes, citators, and digests. Citators update sources of law thus leading to additional sources of law. All the sources mentioned above have to be considered before coming up with the final decision. The basic principle on which the U. S. government is founded is on separation of powers. Separation of power discourages any branch of government from gaining too much power. The doctrine of separation also allows each branch to function without interference from any other branch (Mann and Roberts 73).
The President is answerable to the Congress to which he formulates and presents a complete and detailed expenditure plan. However, the separation of power is not complete in some matters. For example, the legislative branch must approve some executive appointments. On the other hand, the judiciary may declare the actions of the legislature and executive unconstitutional. Any power that is not vested in the United States by its Constitution is reserved to the States or the people. However, some government decisions can only be exercised by the federal government, and these include matters regarding bankruptcy, coin currency, waging war, and entering into treaties.
In other instances, both the federal government and the state governments may exercise concurrent government powers especially in issues that touch on spending, taxation, and police power (Mann and Roberts 75).
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