The intercensal household survey is another means through which population data can be collected. Its main advantage is that it allows collection of detailed data on economic, social, and housing characteristics that can never be achieved through census processes. Additionally, the household-based surveys are usually the most flexible means of data collection for population analysis processes. Notably, they are sure means of examining detailed subjects and providing timely information especially about the merging social and economic issues (The University of Akron, 2001). Moreover, they add experiences and increase the ability of field and house technical staff as well as maintaining resources that have once been developed including sample frames, maps, infrastructures, field operation, and capabilities of data processing.
The commonly known household surveys include specialized surveys, multi-subject surveys, longitudinal or panel surveys, and specialized survey. It should be noted that each of these surveys is vital for certain types of data collection needs. The main advantage of household surveys is that they may be costly particularly for countries that have not initiated such programs. Administrative records are also means through which population statistics can be compiled.
These datasets are usually obtained from different administrative processes. They contain among others vital event records in a civil registration system including education statistics usually obtained from school records, employment statistics, and health statistics particularly from hospital records among other records (The University of Akron, 2001). The usefulness and reliability of these statistical records depend on coverage completeness and the concept of compatibility as well as definition and classification in line with data used in the census. The administrative records are considered as by administrative processes products; however, they are valuable complementary data sources for surveys and censuses.
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