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American Foreign Policy: 1900-2000

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This war and the trappings of empire that the United States was able to acquire towards the end of the nineteenth century acted as the catalysts that brought about changes in the organization of the military services. The overseas dependencies, such as the Philippines, that the United States had acquired made the coordination of the Army and the Navy policy a priority in a manner that it had not been since when the civil war had taken place. In 1903 the Secretary of war and the secretary of the navy issued a joint order that brought into being the joint Army Navy Board that was general referred to as the Joint Board which had eight members originally where four came from the Navy’s General Board while the rest came from the Army’s newly developed General staff. The military departments and the State Department had a lot of interaction during the interwar years even though the development of the formal coordination was not even.

Therefore, as from 1922, particular officers from the State Department started attending courses and delivering lectures to the army and the Navy war colleges.

Later on in 1935, the then Secretary of State Cordell Hull granted a joint board request by designating a Far East expert to sit with the Joint Planning Committee so that the United States military position in the Far East could be reviewed. The key development that has taken place in the history of the United States apart from the American Revolution is the change away from non-interventionism that occurred prior to and after the First World War and also the development to become a world power and also a worldwide authority.

At the turn of the nineteenth century, the United States foreign policy was characterized by a change away from the realist school to the Wilsonian school of international relations. Two world wars took place between 1900 and 2000 in which the United States and the countries that were allied to it emerged victorious and therefore increased the reputation that they had internationally. The Wilsonianism program that was developed by President Wilson was an idea that encompassed the Fourteen Points whose primary goals were to spread democracy and challenge militarism so that wars could come to an end and this became the root of the German surrender and Paris peace Conference that took place in 1919.

The treaty of Versailles that came out of it showed conformity that was not sufficient with Wilson’s fourteen points and this made the United States to have specific treaties for particular nations.

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