As Greece was secure, Alexander started to prepare the army to achieve the bold dreams of his father, i.e. the invasion and the conquest of Persia. Two centuries before, the mighty Persians had pushed towards West to include some of the Greek cities of the Asia Minor- one-third part of the total Greek world. In the spring of 334 BC, Alexander crossed the Hellespont, now known as the Dardanelles, the narrow passage between Asia Minor and Europe. Alexander had the Greek and Macedonian force of almost thirty thousand foot soldiers. They were complemented by five thousand cavalries.
The foot soldiers were wearing the armor of the Greek hoplites, but the soldiers carried Macedonian weapon. Along with the army, there was also a team of geographers, botanists and other individuals related to the field of science that actually were collecting samples, information, and specimens for Aristotle. In the region of the Asian Minor, Alexander visited the ancient Troy to pay respect to the Achilles and some of the other heroes. At the river of Granicus, Alexander defeated a large army of the Persian cavalry which was actually four times the size of the army of Alexander.
Then Alexander continued to march towards the coast and continued to free the Greek cities from the Persian Empire. Those cities also joined Alexander as allies. During the winter season, Alexander moved towards the inland to free the tribes living in the hills. In 333 BC, Alexander’ s army and the huge force met led by the Persian emperor called Darius met at the Issus. Alexander charged with his cavalry against Darius.
The army of Alexander defeated the huge Persian Army. But Darius managed to flee. Then Alexander decided to march southwards along the coast of Phoenicia. The main objective of such a movement was to cut off the huge Persian navy from all the harbors. One of the islands called the Tyre was actually held out more than half a year until Alexander constructed a causeway and battered all the stone walls. However, the battle for Persia was far from over.
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