The third method is quite useful in explaining that such an individual may have picked up the substance-abusing nature by adopting the habit from people around him/her. The three methods highlighted above would be useful in carrying out the initial investigation about a patient’ s biological connection with substance-abusing behavior. Psychological factors: There are some psychological factors that could lead to continuous abuse of substances in people. For example, a young man who is the product of a broken home and witnessed violent quarrels between his parents might opt for a dangerous substance to escape the uncomfortable world he has found himself.
Likewise, mental problems could spark the urge to depend on drugs or alcohol as a means of escapism (Berger, 1991). Therefore, it is usually appropriate to inquire about the patient’ s upbringing, mental state, and the external influences before one can completely understand why the individual has chosen to depend on dangerous substances. Sociological factors: the emergence of substance-abusing behavior in an individual could also be traced to the fact that people can pick up a bad habit from their societies through mere imitation.
A morally upright individual can lose his/her sense of modesty and take to harmful substances if he/she happens to find himself/herself in a bad group (Galanter & Allen, 2003). The method that should be used here involved doing a background check on the patient; studying the environment where the individual lives; discovering if there are any peer influences on the individual; identifying these sources of influence and investigating their power on the patient’ s psychology would go a long way into (Galanter & Allen, 2003). Relapse prevention (RP) is a significant aspect of controlling substance-abuse behaviors in addicts.
There are some methods proposed to do this, but the commonest one is the RP model proposed by Marlatt & Gordon (1985) which explains that both immediate determinants
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