Additionally, this plan will be developed from the universal guidance, but the administrators of the school to fit its local needs should do customization. Through this plan, the school will be able to cultivate a safer environment for its students and staffs. The plan will comprise on steps on how to mitigate and prepare for ancient shooting incidents at the school (USDE, 2007). Mitigation-prevention phase In this phase, mitigation means the actions the school administrators and officials may carry out to reduce or eliminate the adverse impacts of incidents that cannot be stopped.
While prevention is the proactive procedures to be taken by school officials to minimize the likelihood of an adverse crisis or event to occur. Moreover, mitigation-prevention activities can assist in saving lives through the encouragement of long-term decrease of hazard susceptibility. Furthermore, mitigation can minimize the exposure to liability and from a legal angle; the schools are susceptible to a suit for neglect if not all the crucial actions are carried out in good faith to make the schools a safer place. The first stage of this phase is vulnerability assessments, which will help school officials to pinpoint and select what actions they ought to take to prevent or mitigate possible hazards that could affect the school.
Nevertheless, vulnerability assessment does not only help to minimize the probability of incidents, but to also measure and make sure that the school is well set in to deal with the active shooting incident if they occur. Therefore, this assessment must comprise of yearly audits on safety and security regarding all the facilities in the school and the school grounds, including parking lots, cafeterias, classrooms, and playgrounds, among others (Perry & Lindell, 2003). Secondly, the audit must assess if delivery individuals are needed to use designated entrances or they have unmonitored access to students, and if some areas in the school are secluded that need to be monitored, to be lightened up, or to have access controls.
Also, this assessment should include an impostor assessment with an auditor posturing as an outsider and entering the school. This must be administered so to access the efficiency of the guest procedures and to make sure if there are locations that are accessible easily and the amount of time it takes for an intruder to be recognized.
Additionally, it accesses how often the measures are dishonored. Through this assessment, the weaknesses in the school security will be known, and this will help to prevent future incidents.
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