Both these food-related pathologies, together, pressure high on the health in the European countries as well as in the United Kingdom (Havelaar et al. According to the “ World Health Organization” (WHO) and “ Food and Agriculture Organization” (FAO 2003), a food commodity is “ safe when [it is] free from all hazards, which may make food injurious to the health of the consumers whether for chronic or acute consequences". Various national and international health-related agencies find out different factors behind the food-safety infractions including the consumers’ consumers’ socioeconomic conditions, education, perception, attitude, and knowledge of food safety.
Among these factors, consumers’ knowledge, attitude and perception of food-safety are some of the most important ones, since consumers themselves play a very important role in the food-industry of a country. (Rasko et al. Indeed, maintaining ‘ food safety’ includes a number of parties and activities involved with the food industries from the farm to the dining table. Along with the industry efforts to minimize the food-borne health-risks, domestic consumers play a crucial role in reducing food-borne diseases. Yet ‘ gender dimension’ or ‘ gender role’ in consumers’ awareness and food-safe behavior have long been in the focus of the studies on food safety and public health (Ozcelik, 2007).
Among other parties, women can be considered as the most important role-players in ensuring food safety. (FAO, 2012) In modern food industry, before being served at the consumers’ table, the raw-food materials undergo various safety measures and procedures in order to ensure that “ the food… is fit for consumption, that the risks of contamination are minimized, so that the population as a whole is healthier from the benefits of safe quality food” (EUFIC, 2006).
Indeed the shared responsibility of all the people, involved with the food industry is the only means to promote food safety.
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