Sentenced to fourteen years in prison, his first years in prison are a challenge for him, the guards are oppressive and merciless; also other prisoners want to rape him. However as time passes Alex's life in prison becomes easier, he befriends the prison chaplain who later learns of Alex's interest in the Bible. The chaplain lets Alex read in the prison chapel and allows him to listen to classical music. One day after killing a cellmate, the prison management select Alex as a candidate for an experimental treatment called the Ludovico that involves brainwashing through incorporating associative learning.
After several treatments Alex is no longer violent, this was a massive success for the law and order department as they could now release non-vicious prisoner once undertaken through the Ludovico treatment (Books of The Times). After two years, Alex is released a harmless human being incapable of vicious acts, however from this transition life is difficult for him as those he wronged start revenging on him. The old gang who are police officers revenge on Alex by beating him up, Alex crawls to the cottage where he had beaten up a man and raped his wife.
He narrates the story to the man who develops a plan for killing him; however, Alex learns of the plan and hurls himself out of an attic window. Even from the fact that the fall does not kill him Alex finds himself in the hospital where the doctors extract the Ludovico restoring Alex's violent state (Burgess). Once out of the hospital and into crime again Alex runs into his old friend Pete who is a happy marriage and lives a normal life.
Alex is envious of Pete and decides that he also wants such a life for himself; his final thoughts in the book are of him and his future son. All through the book, the theme of the inviolability of free will is evident; more than anything, it is evident that the author holds onto the belief that the freedom of choosing is a big human attribute which means that the presence of the moral choice distinguishes human beings from lower animals and machines.
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