Functionings are a reflection of the manner through which individuals value what they are doing or who they are and it is through this placement of value that it becomes possible to find out the best way of handling the development process so that it can help the individuals involved achieve their goals (Sen 1999, p. Therefore, the capability of individuals to achieve what they intend is highly dependent on the diverse combinations of functionings that are realistic enough to be achieved. The capability approach is one which recognises individuals have the right to choose what they would like to be or to do and that the best way through which they can be able to achieve their goals is through undertaking to make use of the available opportunities.
This approach also recognises capability as a type of freedom which allows individuals to make choices concerning the various lifestyles available to them so that they can be able to live fulfilling lives. The capability approach is therefore one which shows that the evaluation of functions helps in the provision of evidence about what a person does, while the evaluation of abilities provides information concerning what individuals in society are free to do in order to achieve their goals. The capability tactic proposes that people should be both the agents and beneficiaries of the development process through the use of rights to development.
This is an approach which seeks to make sure that members of society are active participants in the development of their own communities rather than relying on the aid of international organisations in order to implement their development agenda. It advocates for the reduction of developmental assistance to a minimum because it is through such reductions that individuals in society have greater choices concerning what they would like to do and how they would like to do it.
The promotion of a strong initiative where people are active participants means that the capability approach is one which seeks to empower them to take on a stronger part in their own development and this to such an extent that they are able to achieve their developmental goals using the resources that they have available.
Unlike the rights based and needs approaches, which promote making people only beneficiaries rather than active participants in development (McNeill 2006, p. 275), the capability approach is one which seeks to make sure that people are entitled to their own development
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