Facebook Pixel Code

Comparison of Plato's and John Rawls' Just Society

This is a preview of the 14-page document
Read full text

Socrate's position on the soul can be said to be a refutation of Thrasymachus position from the beginning of the dialogue where he argues that the just society is the one ruled by the “ stronger” . Socrates defines this relation, using, for example, the compulsion to “ drink” extending from the appetites or the “ irrational” part of the soul. “ Doesn’ t that which forbids in such cases come into play – if it comes into play at all – as a result of rational calculation, while what drives and drags them to drink is a result of feelings and diseases?

Apparently” [Plato, 1992, p. Although the surface appearance, suggests that there is a complete opposition between the appetites on the one hand, or, desire, impulse, etc. ., and on the other hand, the rational component of the soul, it is as though there is a harmony of opposites which Socrates is arguing here. What is implied by this, is as follows? Even though reason and irrationality are opposed, they are united in the very functioning of the soul. While the appetites are controlled through the “ spirit” or the will [Plato, 1992, p.

440a], it is a reason which makes the decision concerning how much control, or when to control the appetites. Again, it is important that we have appetites, and that they are necessary for survival, which reason is aware of, for the same reasoning, that is, for the sake of surviving or health, they must also be controlled. In keeping with Socrates example of drinking, it is often the case that an alcoholic, who is overcome by their appetites, may end up dying or being sick at the very least.

Thus, the relationship between the parts of the soul can be described as creating harmony between opposites, but for the sake of the ‘ whole’ , and for the sake of maintaining health through moderating the components of the soul. In this regard, he argues that “ physical training” , and the study of “ music” and “ poetry” [Plato, 1992, p. 441e] are all necessary for cultivating or educating the soul into a condition of balance or harmony.  

This is a preview of the 14-page document
Open full text
Close ✕
Tracy Smith Editor&Proofreader
Expert in: Philosophy, Gender & Sexual Studies, People
Hire an Editor
Matt Hamilton Writer
Expert in: Philosophy, History, Sociology
Hire a Writer
preview essay on Comparison of Plato's and John Rawls' Just Society
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
WE CAN HELP TO FIND AN ESSAYDidn't find an essay?

Please type your essay title, choose your document type, enter your email and we send you essay samples

Contact Us