To which a firm practice either of the strategies gives rise to the structural configurations including simple structure, professional bureaucracy, machine bureaucracy, adhocracy, and divisionalized form (Karlöf and Lövingsson, 2005, p. The simple structure is also called the entrepreneurial organization that heavily draws from the strategic apex through direct supervision (Fredrickson, 1986, p. Strategic apex implies that authority in the running and decision-making processes lie solely with the CEO or an equivalent position. The simple structure is evident in small and young corporations, small elementary school districts, and new government departments. An organization with such a structure employs horizontal and vertical centralization where the leader must be very creative and entrepreneurial so that he or she makes decisions that stress innovation (Karlöf and Lövingsson, 2005, p.
There is no technostructure since the organization is still relatively small and young hence may not have sufficient resources to support such a group of analysts. The leader relies on a small team of support staff whose tasks overlap such that they have to play more than one role in the organization. The lack of proper structures implies that coordination is also informal although the leader maintains it through direct supervision.
The advantage of simple structure is that it allows the form to rapidly and quickly adapt to environmental changes. Machine bureaucracy differs significantly from the simple structure because the machine bureaucracy has the technostructure as its central pillar (Karlöf and Lövingsson, 2005, p. The structure has a very high number of technostructure because it demands a high degree of work specialization and formalization. The technostructure includes skilled groups such as accountants, researchers, engineers, and planners (Lunenburg, 2012, p.
There is also a high number of support staff that provides services such as clerical, legal counsel and consulting. Mintzberg gave this type of organization the name “machine” because it has a high level of work standardization. The high level of standardization, therefore, makes the organizational units operate together like parts of a machine. There are numerous functional lines in an organization’ chain of command. The lines run from the top to the bottom of the structure. Although the organization is tall, the levels of command run all the way to the top allowing top managers to
Please type your essay title, choose your document type, enter your email and we send you essay samples