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Salmonella Essay Examples

Salmonella and the Effects It has on the Food Industry
It is evidently clear from the discussion that Salmonella can spread through cross infection contamination like using unhygienic equipment for cutting of salads or meat. Salmonella, if affects the chicken being brought up in the poultry farms might be very harmful to the people who...
Pages: 4 (1000 words) , Research Paper , Biology
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New Selective Media for the Identification of Enterobacteriaceae
Endotoxins are heat-stable lipopolysaccharides produced by the outer membrane of all gram-negative bacteria and endotoxic shock as a result of gram-negative infection may be fatal and life-threatening, caused by Enterobacteriaceae. The detection of endotoxin is by Limulus test, while new tests for detecting gram-negative sepsis...
Pages: 20 (5000 words) , Research Paper , Health Sciences & Medicine
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D and z valu
The cells that are not adapted that are placed in broth of 20 percentage glycerol before the heat treatment indicated an increase in the D-value at 55 degrees Celsius in comparison to the adapted cells. Mre protective effect was seen in NaCl and sucrose...
Pages: 8 (2000 words) , Article , Medical science
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Microbiology Assessment
Moreover, rduction in water activity is employed as a food preservation method. Terefore, w can say that low aW and decreased pH, ae important elements involved in stability of foods having longer shelf life. Hwever, te safety of current food techniques has been challenged by...
Pages: 11 (2750 words) , Assignment , Medical science
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Selective Media
Such media is referred to as selective media because it either enhances or inhibits the growth. Uing selecting media makes it easy to discriminate most unwanted pathogens that arise from environmental contamination and likely to give false positive diagnosis. Tis report assessed the growth, mrphology...
Pages: 4 (1000 words) , Lab Report , Medical science
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Develop a hazard analysis plan (HACCP in a report format) for the processing of a FROZEN BROILER BIRD
The present work is a report based on the design of an HACCP program to guarantee the safety of the processing frozen broiler bird, trough the determination of hazards (microbiological, cemical or physical), te identification of critical control points (CCP), te establishment of critical limits,...
Pages: 6 (1500 words) , Essay
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Animal diseases and how effect in human
When disease epidemics take place, i may not be feasible to harvest stock because of the sheer size of the population of domesticated animals. Lkewise, cttle houses may have been inadequately built and cannot be correctly or thoroughly sanitized, ad the animal’s body wastes may...
Pages: 15 (3750 words) , Thesis Proposal , Law
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Epidemiology - Pathogen, Mode of Transmission, Symptom Profile, Incubation Period
a) A keen analysis of the collected data can aid in drawing the conclusion that muddy water is not the cause of illness. It is because the percentage of people exposed is relatively low compared to those that got ill also looking at the possible...
Pages: 6 (1500 words) , Case Study , Health Sciences & Medicine
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Microbiology tecniques
The spread of the infection through critical analysis of the population of Salmonella typhi in people, epecially careers to alleviate further spread of the disease. Tis study is aimed at developing ideal strategies to detect populations of Salmonella typhi in populations. Trough such detection of...
Pages: 5 (1250 words) , Research Paper , Biology
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To answer question
The bacterium that has infected the man is the Salmonella typhi since the symptoms shown were more severe than those associated with salmonella paratyphi. Lboratory testing is required to confirm the clinical diagnosis. T test for the disease, bood specimens and stool samples are required....
Pages: 5 (1250 words) , Assignment , Biology
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FOOD MICROBIOLOGY
However, acording to (Public Health England, 2014) there was an outbreak of Salmonella Enteritidis that caused three deaths and an outbreak of 247 cases from 158 on 15th of August 2014. Tere were 99 cases in Hampshire, 39 in Cheshire, 30 in London and 54...
Pages: 11 (2750 words) , Lab Report , Medical science
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Micro-biology Lab report
The colony morphology: rund, rise, sooth, sall and cream colour are suggestive of it being either Staphylococci or streptococci. Mnnitol salt agar is a selective and differential media for Staphylococci, aso differentiating species of Staphylococcus which ferment or do not ferment mannitol. Snce V1 is...
Pages: 5 (1250 words) , Lab Report
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Food Safety: Chemical, Microbiology, etc
In January and February of that year, tese children had consumed meat contaminated with the E. Tis outbreak also caused 450 people to fall ill; i addition, afew others were rendered ill after being exposed to people who had been infected with these bacteria. Fnally,...
Pages: 5 (1250 words) , Term Paper
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Microbiology Lap-report
Again suggestive of E. cli, a among the gram negative bacteria, oly E. cli is able to ferment lactose, ad forms pink to red colonies (MacConkey, 1900). Te absence of growth on mannitol salt agar and blood agar, frther rules out the gram positive cocci....
Pages: 4 (1000 words) , Lab Report
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Typhoid fever in children
The invasion of the gut mucosa located in the terminal ileum either through the M-cells that serve as the epithelium of all gut tissue or through the enterocytes. Trough the epithelial receptor called cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator protein, te typhoid Salmonellae adhere to the...
Pages: 10 (2500 words) , Essay , Biology
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Using antibiotics on dairy herds. Im going in favor of this process
And is highly virulent and can lead to debilitating and deadly disease that include hemolytic uremic syndrome (Relay et al 1983 as quoted in Hartzell et al, 763). Tis organism does not have an effect on cattle though it colonizes the intestinal tract of cattle....
Pages: 4 (1000 words) , Research Paper , Agriculture
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Marketing plan to recover from a foodborne illness disaster
As food is the basic requirement of every human being and is also the main source of body’s nourishment, w give ultimate priority to our cuisine preparation and delivery procedures. Ech step of every meal is carefully monitored so that no compromises are made regarding...
Pages: 15 (3750 words) , Essay , Marketing
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Isolation, Enumeration, Identification and Confirmation of Food-Poisoning Microbes from Food (lab report)
Nutrition agar that was inoculated with 10-6 dilution of the suspension had 196 colony forming units, ad according from the provided guidance, tis dilution was used to calculate the colony forming units per gram according to the formula cfu/gram = No. o colonies x 10...
Pages: 6 (1500 words) , Lab Report
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Differentiation of microorganisms (micro biology)
Of the exoenzymes are hydrolytic enzymes which break down complex substances into simpler molecules, tey are used as identifiers for the bacteria. Aylases hydrolyse the starch, glatinase hydrolyses gelatin and caesinase converts casein into peptides and amino acids. Ctalase converts hydrogen peroxide into oxygen and...
Pages: 5 (1250 words) , Lab Report , Biology
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Microbial Content of cooked meat kebab
10 grams of the chicken sample was placed in a sterile stomacher bag with 90ml of buffered peptone water; hmogenized with a blender; icubated for 24 hours. 1ml of chicken sample was then suspended into 9ml of SCB and incubated for another 24 hours at...
Pages: 4 (1000 words) , Lab Report
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The identification of an infection with 3 samples obtained from various locations
Streptococci pyogenes and Staphylococcus aureus and Gram negative e. Slmonella spp, Serratia marcescens, Aromonas hydrophila, Klebsiella oxytoca respectively. I is difficult to characterize bacteria merely on the basis of Gram reaction as in the present case, fur out of six isolates were G-ve and only...
Pages: 5 (1250 words) , Lab Report
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Poor food safety and sanitation system in modern food industry is responsible for food borne illness outbreaks
However, te bacteria are resistant to low pH levels and can survive at pH levels as acidic as 4. 2(Attenborough and Mathews, 144). Te concern surrounding E. cli mainly relates to the meat industry due to its presence in meat which must be cooked well...
Pages: 6 (1500 words) , Essay , Health Sciences & Medicine
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Transmission of emerging pathogenic bacteria sp from livestock farms in Tabuk, Saudi arabia
The pathogens are from the parasitic “interrogans” group, wile the no pathogens are from the saprophytic “biflexa” group. Uually, Lptospirainterrogans, nt Leptospirabiflexacan be extracted from the patient’s blood, crebrospinal fluid, ad urine. Al the pathogenic leptospires were previously classified as members of the species Leptospirainterrogans,...
Pages: 6 (1500 words) , Thesis Proposal , Medical science
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Impact of mass food production on food borne illness outbreaks
The reason for this is the housing of thousands of animals in confined factory farms that cut down the cost of producing protein, tus the low cost of the commodities. Hwever, Mnica argues, tese cheap production processes have potential dangers of their own, icluding the...
Pages: 6 (1500 words) , Essay , Health Sciences & Medicine
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Analysing case studies
Humans also serve as a reservoir for this disease. Tis occurs when a person suffers from the carrier state of the disease. Tis results in excretion of the bacterium in the feces. Te contamination of dietary sources with these bacteria and subsequent consumption of these...
Pages: 4 (1000 words) , Essay
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Infectious Disease found in the Developing World
Through food which is handled by an individual who frequently sheds the salmonella typhi bacterium through his stool or sometimes through his urine. The hand-to-mouth transmission is also possible “after using a contaminated toilet and neglecting hand hygiene” (Brusch, e. It may also be transmitted...
Pages: 8 (2000 words) , Research Paper
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Applications of Other Staining Techniques for Identification Purposes
Special stains technique can be used in highlighting the flagella of bacteria by a coat of dyes or metals around the bacteria, resulting in an increase in the width of the bacteria. The staining will lead to an identification of flagella (Zourob, Elwary & Turner...
Pages: 8 (2000 words) , Research Paper , Health Sciences & Medicine
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Animal diseases and how effect in human
Vaccinations and antibiotic medicines are hence regularly given in order to maintain the health and productivity of domesticated animals (Smith & Kelly 29). Wen disease epidemics take place, i may not be feasible to harvest stock because of the sheer size of the population of...
Pages: 15 (3750 words) , Thesis Proposal , Law
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Business Law and Ethics
I would not sign the quality control form because the company is in violation of the ethical standards of safety. Te root cause of contamination is the hygiene aspect. Te protocols laid down have all been violated. Te staff wears their uniform at home thereby...
Pages: 6 (1500 words) , Essay
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Identification of unknown Bacteria
Neutral red acts as a pH indicator. Klebsiella pneumoniae bacteria is known to be lactose fermenters hence unknown A while Salmonella Typhimurium bacteria is not lactose fermentor thus unknown B. Te orinithine decarboxylase test is important for Enterobacteriaceae differentiation. M-VP broth for Methyl Red test...
Pages: 6 (1500 words) , Research Paper , Biology
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Scientific Lab
Neutral red acts as a pH indicator. Klebsiella pneumoniae bacteria is known to be lactose fermenters hence unknown A while Salmonella Typhimurium bacteria is not lactose fermentor thus unknown B. Te orinithine decarboxylase test is important for Enterobacteriaceae differentiation. M-VP broth for Methyl Red test...
Pages: 4 (1000 words) , Research Paper , Biology
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Deadly Chemicals In Organic Food
People believe an inspector strictly checks the organic farms every day using precise measures; however, producers and handlers choose one of any accredited certifying agents, 56 of domestic accredited certifying agents and 43 of foreign accredited certifying agents, and require an annual inspection by them....
Pages: 8 (2000 words) , Essay , Health Sciences & Medicine
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Harms Of Organic Farming For The Environment
Another study done by the Agriculture Department and the State of California as well as by the scientists themselves showed that 23 percent of pesticide residue, including organochlorine pesticides, DDT and chlordane, was found in organic fruits and vegetables (Brasher, 12). DDT could be explained...
Pages: 7 (1750 words) , Essay , Health Sciences & Medicine
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Introduction to management
The company has also undergone a restructuring of its legal team in order to reduce redundancy in 2008 as well as the closing down of one facility in Keynsham. Te company has effectively managed these changes through good HR practices—systems of informal rewards and effective...
Pages: 4 (1000 words) , Essay
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Business Ethics and Law
Thus, te poor practices for quality became a culture. Te state of Georgia is face with a multitude of problems in dealing with food safety issues at companies like Delectables. One of the most pressing problem it has that prevents it to become effective in...
Pages: 5 (1250 words) , Essay , Business
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Food safety and politics
Coli because ammonium hydroxide does not kill these pathogens. Aso, tere is need to rethink the decision to bring the substance to schools because it is a combination of meat parts that microbiologists term as high risk especially with E. I is important for the...
Pages: 4 (1000 words) , Essay , English
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Bacteriophages and their current significance in dairy industry
This may be eliminated by effectively heat treating any reprocessed ingredients starter cultures before use. Tmperate phages can integrate into the bacterial chromosome resulting in lysogens, wich may start lytic cycles during fermentation leading to hindered fermentation (Lunde et al. Te adaptive nature of phages...
Pages: 8 (2000 words) , Essay
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Report based on laboratory techniques for the microbial analysis of food and the design of an advisory intervention programme
The type III-mediated secretion of bacteria proteins is required in the intimate attachment in which several are moved directly into the contaminated cells, icluding the own receptor of the bacteria. Fstening to this membrane-bound, Eteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) is allowed to intimately attach to mammalian...
Pages: 6 (1500 words) , Coursework , Health Sciences & Medicine
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Project writting
(ii) An outbreak caused by fruit salad in California where hepatitis A virus is agent was responsible for 166 hospitalisations. Tis outbreak could have been avoided if measures were taken to relieve the ill person from duty until fully recovered. (v) Salmonella Typhimurium caused an...
Pages: 4 (1000 words) , Essay
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Nursing Assignment
Such a weakened situation, te immune system and the overall strength of the body would be compromised; lnding to a situation in which the mortality rate of this outbreak would likely be extraordinarily high. Pysiologic jaundice in newborn infants is generally caused by low levels...
Pages: 3 (750 words) , Case Study , Nursing
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Useful and Harmful Microorganisms
Members of the genus Staphylococcus have been associated with the production of the enzyme called coagulases. These enzymes protect the microorganism from phagocytosis. Other examples of enzymes that protect the pathogenic microorganisms are the kinases, hyaluronidase, collagenase, and IgA proteases.  Staphylococcus aureus, for example, has been...
Pages: 14 (3500 words) , Term Paper , Biology
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Medical Microbiology
Mixtures of anaerobic Gram bacteria’s lead to female genital tract infections. The virulence factor of these microbes lies with the capsule. The most important STDs are gonorrhea, Chlamydia, and Syphilis. It is more common for male. The reports say that 95% of the men are...
Pages: 28 (7000 words) , Assignment , Health Sciences & Medicine
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Have advances in bioscience lead to the greater risk of a biological attack by a non-state actor
Rajneeshees did this so that the ill voters would not cast the vote. Ater few unsuccessful attempts of making the people sick by first putting salmonella in the drinks and then by sprinkling it on the produce in the grocery stores, te Rajneeshees were finally...
Pages: 8 (2000 words) , Essay
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Food safety and food poisoning outbreaks
In addition, Slmonella accounts for 27% of food poisoning-related hospitalizations (Mead et al. Te ingestion of the abovementioned organisms usually cause abdominal cramps, wtery and/or bloody diarrhea, nusea, vmiting, hadache, fver, adominal ingestion and gas 2008). Dspite its effects, darrhea and vomiting are therapeutic mechanisms...
Pages: 8 (2000 words) , Essay
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Mims Pathogenesis of Infectious Disease
When bacteria and other microorganisms are taken in by our body, be it through the respiratory system, via blood, broken skin, or orally; they release toxins into our body. These toxins, depending on their virulence level, result in the beginning symptoms of an infection to...
Pages: 5 (1250 words) , Essay , Health Sciences & Medicine
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Controversies Surrounding Pink Slime
Individuals as well as institutions such as schools have raised several arguments over the quality and appropriateness of the pink slime consumption (Drahl Web). Crrently, te phrase pink slime is used to define a different type of ground meat different from the habitual ground meat...
Pages: 5 (1250 words) , Essay , Agriculture
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A Study on Food Safety Knowledge and Practices amongst the Domestic Female Food-Handlers in Medway, UK
Both these food-related pathologies, together, pressure high on the health in the European countries as well as in the United Kingdom (Havelaar et al. According to the “World Health Organization” (WHO) and “Food and Agriculture Organization” (FAO 2003), a food commodity is “safe when [it...
Pages: 59 (14750 words) , Essay , Family & Consumer Science
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PCR and its applications
At a temperature of 950c, te hydrogen bonds holding the DNA strands weaken leading to the DNA strands to separate and, a a result forming single stranded DNA. Sep two of PCR involves annealing of the primer. Tis step occurs at 550c for 30 seconds....
Pages: 4 (1000 words) , Essay , Biology
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Food Industry in Australian
(About Australia, 2008)There are several sub sectors in the processed food industry in Australia. These are bakery products, bverage and malt manufacturing, diry products, four mill and cereal food manufacturing, fuit and vegetable processing, mat and other meat products, ol and fat manufacturing, safood processing,...
Pages: 10 (2500 words) , Essay
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Cadbury's case study
As for confectionaries, tese are impulse products most consumed after reminder advertising, band awareness on special occasions and events. I is thus no surprise that then sales increase by 1% due to Valentines day. “op trends driving product releases of 2007/08 include flavor fusions, iternational...
Pages: 8 (2000 words) , Essay
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