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Penicillin Essay Examples

Penicillin: Theory of Development
Penicillins are easily secreted that 80% is cleared within three to four hours of administration. Scientists later found uricosuric agent probenecid could compete for the organic acid transporter responsible for secretion thus increasing penicillin’s concentration and prolonging its activity. Although the advent of synthetic forms...
Pages: 5 (1250 words) , Essay , Health Sciences & Medicine
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Fine chemical assignment
Protection of individuals with a weak immune system due to conditions or illness such as sickle cell anemia, ad strengthen the immune systems of any sick individual that is receiving treatment and medical care and the disease can make him or her prone to infections....
Pages: 10 (2500 words) , Assignment , Chemistry
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Alexander Fleming
He was chosen Professor of the School in 1928 and Emeritus Professor of Bacteriology, Uiversity of London in 1948. H was chosen Fellow of the Royal Society in 1943 and knighted in 1944 (Maurois, 1959). I 1915, Feming got married with Sarah Marion McElroy of...
Pages: 4 (1000 words) , Essay , Biology
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Endogenous compounds as drugs
In breast cancer therapy, ether the estrogen levels remains lowered or their production stopped. Te estrogen production in pre menopause stage can remain blocked or minimized by using tamoxifen. Tmoxifen is thus an anti-estrogen in breast cancer. I binds on the estrogen hormone receptors and...
Pages: 4 (1000 words) , Essay , Health Sciences & Medicine
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Syphilis-treponema pallidum
The secondary stage is followed by the tertiary stage or the latent period which is for indefinite time, hwever, trtiary stage may/ may not occur. Te article also states about the last stage of syphilis infection- neurosyphilis where the causal organisms attacks the central nervous...
Pages: 6 (1500 words) , Essay , Medical science
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Syphilis-treponema pallidum
Later, te article discusses about the discovery of antibiotic which acts as a key to combat disease causing bacterial strains. Te article did not specify the age to witness the condition of syphilis. Te causal organisms of syphilis, Teponema pallidum is sexually transmitted, te sexually...
Pages: 6 (1500 words) , Essay , Medical science
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Pharmacology Article Synopsis & Review
Unfortunately, tere are even greater occurrences in specific European countries that has made many medical professionals interested in the high rates of resistance. “Studies conducted in Spain and Italy have reported resistance rates of 25% and 38%, rspectively … Resistance in the United States has...
Pages: 4 (1000 words) , Essay
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Antimicrobial Resistance Bacteria and Microorganisms
A new technique for the control of hospital Methicillin resistant isolates though present were not notably troublesome because of the emergence and prevalence of microbial resistance especially MRSA( methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) in hospitals. The major antibiotic-resistant pathogen associated with nosocomial infection. It was reported...
Pages: 4 (1000 words) , Essay , Biology
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Lab report microbiology
However, te most important strategy for combating the increasing cases of bacterial infection is the appropriate identification regimes. Efective identification requires the use of specific strategies like the use of a polymerase chain reaction. Uing the PCR helps in the identification of the genome of...
Pages: 4 (1000 words) , Lab Report , Health Sciences & Medicine
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Nosocomial Infections Issue
It was reported that there was an increase in the number of fatal cases of sepsis from 4% in 1991 to 37% in 1999 in the UK due to MRSA. By the 1980s MRSA had spread and become quite common in US hospitals and along...
Pages: 4 (1000 words) , Essay , Biology
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Are Antibiotic Resistance Bacteria Unstoppable
Before the discovery of antibiotics, dseases fatally ravaged mankind. Sreptococcus pyogenes, fr instance, ws responsible for over half of the post-birth deaths and was a major cause of deaths from burns. Saphylococcus aureus on the other hand killed 80% of those with infected wounds with...
Pages: 9 (2250 words) , Essay , Medical science
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Case study on neisseria meningitidis
The ctrA gene, eclusive to meningococci and forming part of the capsule biosynthesis locus, ws chosen as the PCR target”. Acording to NHS(2013) “The Hibergene Meningococcal LAMP assay by HiberGene Diagnostics Ltd. i a molecular test for rapid diagnosis of meningitis or septicaemia caused by...
Pages: 4 (1000 words) , Case Study
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Critical analysis of specific drug used in clinical practice-CO-AMOXICLAV
Co-amoxiclav effectively treats open wounds caused by animal bites because it is an antibiotic. Te drug consists of Augmentin injection, sspension, Agmentin-duo and also tablets with active components (Kamphof, Rstemeyer & Bruynzeel, 2002). Te amoxicillin contains the penicillin-type antibiotic that is responsible for destroying bacteria....
Pages: 4 (1000 words) , Research Paper , Nursing
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Can betalactam antibiotics be used to treat tuberculosis
The beta-lactam moiety (also known as a penam or azetidin-2-one) is a heterocyclic four-membered ring containing a nitrogen atom and a carbonyl group, ad is essential for their antibiotic activity (Nayler, 1971). Bta-lactam antibiotics include the penicillins, cphalosporins, crbapenems, mnobactams and the beta-lactamase inhibitors, wich...
Pages: 20 (5000 words) , Essay
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The history of Antibiotics
The origin of the use of antibiotics for treating the infections is as old as the infections themselves. Dfferent communities in the past used living organisms to treat infections. I ancient times, dfferent types of moulds were used by people to heal wounds and infections....
Pages: 5 (1250 words) , Research Paper
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Critical analysis of clinical management plan (CMP)
The delay in presentation to a minor injury led the independent prescriber to prescribe an intravenous coamoxiclav antibiotic, a well as put lined mark on the redness with a recommendation to return for a review the following day (Asherson, 2011). Hwever, te condition of the...
Pages: 8 (2000 words) , Essay , Nursing
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Identify a biological pathogen (bacterial, viral, fungal, protozoan) that can affect either your cardiovascular, digestive, respiratory, or nervous system
In 1961, te birth of MRSA was reported when a British scientist first identified the first strain of S. areus bacteria that is resistance to methicillin. I 1968, te first human case of MRSA was reported in the United States. Wth the evolution of this...
Pages: 5 (1250 words) , Essay
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WWII invention or innovation has had the greatest impact on your life
This is known in history as Rosie the Riveters. Te events that WWII had on women and their new role in society have affected lives even to this day. Wmen are still working many jobs alongside men as well as taking care of the household....
Pages: 4 (1000 words) , Essay , History
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The more advances that are made in Medicine, the more things stay the same. Discuss
Health experts have the capacity to predict the genome impacts (Deutsch, 2007, p The good side of it is that there are few of such functional resistance within pathogens. Oer the past sixty years academicians have delved into writing literature that describes the biochemistry and...
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Ethical Issues Of Race In Medical Research
Many doctors believed that them to have a wild sexual expression, which was a danger to the white society. They were thought to be inferior to the white people on the intellectual basis and were also alleged of being attracted towards white women. Furthermore, most...
Pages: 5 (1250 words) , Essay , Philosophy
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Staphylococcus aureus
Diabetes, pople with chronic kidney diseases, pople with cancer therapy, sin burns are more susceptible of getting the Staphylococcus aureus infection. Aditionally, pople with transplanted organs also depict high susceptibility to infections from staphylococcus aureus since they take immune suppressive drugs. Saphylococcus aureus can...
Pages: 6 (1500 words) , Essay , Medical science
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Tuskegee Syphilis Study
Additionally, te consent of the human subjects was made mandatory and should be written before the study commences. Tskegee Syphilis Study did not get the consent of the subject, nr did they inform them what the research entailed. Tey thought they were benefitting from the...
Pages: 5 (1250 words) , Research Paper , History
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Legal and Ethical Issues of a Medical Error Case
The milky colour of the drug did not tip off the nurses to find out more information as much as they were aware that coloured drugs were rarely injected intravenously. Te syringe used was meant for intramuscular injection but due to poor labelling by the...
Pages: 4 (1000 words) , Essay , Health Sciences & Medicine
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Antibiotic sensitivity
Newer non- automated susceptibility tests (Chu, Azah-Shah, Hang, Plepou, &Lyon, 2001), ad the molecular tests (Kirby, Sder, Wlsh, &Jones, 2004). Ech of the listed tests above is applicable in either of the two cases of bacterial resistance. Bcteria exhibit two kinds of resistance to antibiotics;...
Pages: 4 (1000 words) , Lab Report , Medical science
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Syphilis Infection and Potential Progression
Normally there is no itching associated with the rashes that can be usually seen as rough, red, or reddish brown spots on the palms of the hands and bottom of the feet. These rashes may occur in other parts of the body. There is also...
Pages: 10 (2500 words) , Research Paper , Medical science
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Medicine before and after the creation of antibiotics and the effect on the human race
Hence, pople in the era believed they could keep away from illnesses by ‘cleaning’ their blood and maintaining their bowels bare (Royal Pharmaceutical Society 1). Mreover, sme of the ingredients in the medicine had no medical value. Oher types of medicine had ingredients that were...
Pages: 4 (1000 words) , Essay , Literature
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Industrial Biotechnology
Amino acids are also chemically synthesized, bt the end-products are a mixture of D and L forms which necessitate an additional expensive step to produce the biologically active L-form. Frmentation of carbon and nitrogen materials through the action of different bacterial species is the most...
Pages: 8 (2000 words) , Essay
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BIOLOGY GENETICS PROBLEMS AND ANTIBIOTICS
The most notably going to the heterozygous genotype TtGgRr with 8 times. Penotypes were tall green round, sort green round, tll green wrinkled, sort green wrinkled. There were no yellow plants. Tere were 8 possible genotypes yielding only genotypes leading to green and no yellow...
Pages: 4 (1000 words) , Essay
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Molecular Mechanism of antibiotic resistance in Escherichia coli
Such a locus is the mar locus (Michael, 2007). O reference is that rapid mutations experienced in the mentioned locus; tat eventuate into alteration of the coding sequence, hnce aberration of the protein sequence produced. Aparently, te development of resistance towards a given antibiotic is...
Pages: 6 (1500 words) , Essay , Biology
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Antibiotic resistance
In this regard, i is very imperative that global society should be aware of such complicated matter that needs urgent attention, i order to reduce and avoid future fatal consequences related to the antibiotic resistance in different parts of the globe. I the late 1940s,...
Pages: 5 (1250 words) , Essay
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The Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis
Apart from the information that their blood was being tested for a variety of illnesses, the study participants were not informed about the disease, its mode of transmission and treatments offered and also whether they were actually infected with syphilis. Thus no form of informed...
Pages: 7 (1500 words) , Term Paper , Environmental Studies
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Conflict Between Researh and Ethics on the Tuskegee Syphilis Study
Of the study was to compare the natural progression of syphilis in untreated poor African Americans who were followed up for a period of 40 years with a healthy control population who were free of the disease. Wile the initial study was designed to last...
Pages: 7 (1750 words) , Essay
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Legal and Ethics report
Initially, wen people were diagnosed with syphilis in the U. sudy and no cure was yet known, te patients received mercury rubs from the nurses as shown in the movie. Te black patients received advice on sanitary conditioning and were not told the actual name...
Pages: 4 (1000 words) , Research Paper
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What is Beta Lactamase
It is reported that these enzymes were already present even before the use of antibiotics, ad could have roles in the defence of cells against beta-lactams from other pathogens or in the production of peptidoglycans (Livermore). Cromosomal genes for beta-lactamase are expressed constitutively in large...
Pages: 3 (750 words) , Assignment , Health Sciences & Medicine
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Microorganisms in Nature and Biotechnology
Microorganisms interlink the different steps of the ecological cycles and they are intimately involved in the recycling of biological matters. Fr instance, te nitrogen fixing microorganisms namely Azotobacter, Costridium, Aospirillum (all free living) and Rhizobium (symbiotic with leguminous plants) are essential to complete the nitrogen...
Pages: 5 (1250 words) , Essay
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Quinolones and urinary tract antiseptics
It is effective in the treatment of UTI caused by gram positive organisms (Howes 2005). Cphalosporins (beta-lactam antibiotics): Tese are used when other drugs have failed to cure the UTI or when culture results indicate their sensitivity. Te first generation drugs are cephalexin, cfadroxil and...
Pages: 4 (1000 words) , Essay
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Health Promotion plan
Her current BMI reading indicates she is obese. Se is sexually active thus risk contracting STI. Se indicates that she never uses protection. Hr current weight posses a major threat to her health. Te patient has a sore wound at her leg triggered upon by...
Pages: 4 (1000 words) , Assignment , Nursing
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Poems reflection
Sam and Hally are close friends when it comes to education, tey are seen to be discussing topics on corporal punishments and historical injustices. Hlly does not understand the racism that occurred especially in South Africa this shows that the white are ethically blind. Hs...
Pages: 4 (1000 words) , Essay , Literature
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Peculiarities of Pneumonia in Children
Sometimes pneumonia disease will lead to death in case the patient is constantly and terminally sick. In addition, pneumonia is the prime cause of raising the ratio of death in children less than five years. The symptoms of pneumonia mainly consist of chest pain, fever, cough...
Pages: 15 (3750 words) , Research Paper , Health Sciences & Medicine
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The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1947
While at Oxford, h explored sex hormones and steroids. Dring World War II, h studied the properties of penicillin antibiotic, eucidated its structure, ad also researched antimalarial drugs. Hs explorations also extended to explosives and petroleum. H was the president of the Royal Society and...
Pages: 4 (1000 words) , Essay , Chemistry
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Health Screening and History of an Adolescent or Young Adult Client
With regard to her wellness nursing diagnosis, te client has shown readiness to improved management of the recommended therapeutic regimen. Tis judgment is particularly passed on the visible indications of the patient that she is willing and has a potential to actively get involved in...
Pages: 4 (1000 words) , Essay , Nursing
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Lyme Disease
The cities that have been mentioned include New Jersey, Wsconsin, Mnnesota, Cnnecticut, Nw York, Mssachusetts, ad Maryland among others. Sveral patients were reported to be having skin rashes that were peculiar, ad were followed by symptoms of arthritis (Nitch, 2007). Te patients also recalled their...
Pages: 5 (1250 words) , Research Paper , Health Sciences & Medicine
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LEGAL AND ETHICAL ISSUE DEALING WITH THE TUSKEGEE SYPHILIS EXPERIMENT
Moreover, tey were enticed with several offers of outstanding free treatments, a well as free medical examinations during the research process. Hintzelman (1996) argues that the researchers probably took advantage of the poor, rral setting of the Tuskegee community, wich had high rates of illiteracy and poor socioeconomic status. Nvertheless, Jnes...
Pages: 8 (2000 words) , Research Paper
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Antibiotics in meat. Will immune our bodies to antibiotics
Many people do not even suspect that they consume antibiotics in their everyday life with food. Fod and Drug Administration of the US, o FDA, hs recently published two reports which are of great importance for great masses of population around the whole world. Tis...
Pages: 4 (1000 words) , Essay , English
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MRSA Infection
A weaker immune system and while it is commonly a hospital acquired infection, is incidence in people who have not been hospitalized has become recently significant (webmd. Acording to reports by the CDC, i the year 2007, 14% of MRSA infections were contracted by people...
Pages: 8 (2000 words) , Research Paper , Medical science
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Case Study ( Skill Analysis)
Obtained information may either be subjective or objective and includes nursing history, pysical examination and observation, ad laboratory and diagnostic tests. Aplying Sophie’s case, otaining information during a nursing admission requires explanation of the purpose and rationale for gathering information. Sphie must also be put...
Pages: 6 (1500 words) , Essay , Nursing
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Interventions For Sexually Transmitted Diseases
STDs caused by bacteria include chancroid, gnorrhea, Clamydia, lmphogranuloma venereum, sphilis, ad granuloma inguinale. Tere are also STDs which may be caused by fungi including jock itch and yeast infections. Oher STDs are caused by parasites, nmely, pbic lice and scabies. Acording to Workowski (n....
Pages: 9 (2250 words) , Research Paper , Health Sciences & Medicine
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Molecular biology
Significance of antibacterial and antimicrobial drugs seems to fade with the rise in the bacterial strains exhibiting resistance to single as well as multiple drugs. Hnce drug resistance has become an exponentially rising global health hazard rendering world population once again vulnerable to the threats...
Pages: 12 (3000 words) , Essay , Biology
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Research Paper on Staph Infections
The use of antibiotics encourages the development of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Bcteria that become resistant to antibiotics occurs when bacteria mutate causing a reduced or even maybe eliminating the effectiveness of drugs, o any other chemical designed to prevent disease. Tese bacteria learn to survive and...
Pages: 6 (1500 words) , Essay
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Professional Liability
Which divulge details on the patient’s health status, rsponse to a particular medicine and the extent to which the patient has fulfilled his financial obligations, ae duties that fall within the administrator’s jurisdiction (Kavaler and Spiegel, 2003). Scondly, te liability for professional negligence on the...
Pages: 6 (1500 words) , Essay , Health Sciences & Medicine
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