In addition, apatient has jaundice and their bowel movement is clay-colored. Ufortunately, ptients of chronic HB could be asymptomatic, lck clear liver-disease evidence and suffer from cirrhosis or another kind of liver-cancer called the hepatocellular carcinoma (CDC, 2015). Tus, i is imperative to ensure that...
Hepatitis B Virus
The other strand is variable in length synthesis during the viral replication. I there is an acute clinical episode the virus is cleared in approximately 90% of patients as there is a good immune reaction. Tere is serum sickness-like immunological syndrome see urticaria or maculopapular...
Pages: 4 (1000 words)
EPIDEMIOLOGY OF HEPATITIS B VIRUS
Hepatitis B virus shows a high degree of genetic variance. The viral polymerase replicates the DNA without any proof-reading step and uses RNA as an intermediate. These factors add up to increase the incidence of random errors and, hence, mutations in the viral genome leading...
The Pathophysiology of Hepatitis B
Patients experience extreme fatigue and malaise, and discharge dark urine and pale stools. In addition, there is significant weight loss. Chronic hepatitis may result in liver cancers (hepatocellular carcinomas). The incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma is highest in individuals with HBV infected cirrhotic liver (Harrison, Dusheiko...
Hepatitis B virus and liver cancer
Epidemiology of Liver Cancer
Liver cancer is spread throughout the world. However, there are variances in the presence of the disease in different regions of the world. Looking at the world from the perspective of the developed and developing divide, the incidence of liver cancer...
Pages: 5 (1250 words)
Reasearch Paper - Final
The study, as well as others that have shown relation between HBV and other diseases, did not establish the HBV genotypes associated with the lymphomagenesis. Not much has been done in terms of characterization of the genotypes of the viruses in the cases of co-infection...
Viral Hepatitis and Health Care Workers
This paper tells that out of all the known strains of hepatitis, hepatitis B is the most prevalent worldwide, with both its mortality and infection rates being the highest. It is commonly referred to as HBV, meaning hepatitis B virus. According to a report published...
Different Sexual Diseases
Administration of antibiotics is enough for the treatment of gonorrhea at the early stages. As with other sexually transmitted diseases, prevention of gonorrhea is through abstinence from sexual contact with infected individuals. Appropriate use of condoms may lower the risks of vaginal and rectal infections....
11. How might reduced calcium intake affect C.S.?
Ans. Reduced dietry calcium will reduce serum calcium levels and help in further formation of renal calculi.
12. Following a routine checkup and laboratory tests 2 years later, simvastatin (Zocor) was prescribed. Why is a cholesterol-lowering agent useful in...
Hematocellular carcinoma-Liver cancer
Viruses are able to cause cancer simply because they are able to inject (so to speak) eukaryotic cells with small pieces of their own genetic information. This is of course a mutation of sorts, and any type of mutation can result in cancer....
Pages: 5 (1250 words)
Identifying Health and Social Care in Communities
Of their measurement and data collection to formulate policies that address the direct needs of the people of the communities according to the levels of state of health and disease. Te last role deals with reassurance, wich would be noted to be a crucial moment...
Disease State: Hepatic adenocarcinoma
Of the ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) portrayed thickening of the outer wall of the stomach and the swelling of the lymph node around the left gastric artery. Acording to Nagai and his colleagues (2006), te ratio of occurrence of HAC is 2: 1with...
The symptoms and signs of Cirrhosis can be itchy skin, lss of appetite, isomnia, ftigue, nusea, vsible blood capillaries, lss of weight, botchy palms and pain in the area. A the disease progresses the other symptoms and signs that appear can include accelerated heartbeat, dzziness,...
You can choose the topic
This was her personality and likely an item of her career of being a health transcriptionist. Se had the OB/GYN mark a three page typewritten Birth Plan that she had collected after carrying all the study and looking for the matters that were significant to...
Making a Difference through Nursing
A study conducted by Chan et al (2008: 117) on a cross-section of Hong Kong Chinese population on 910 subjects, to investigate the seroprevalence of hepatitis C indicated 0.5% of the general population to be positive for antibody to hepatitis C (anti-HCV). Suspected chronic non-A...
Pages: 13 (3250 words)
SMA (Smooth Muscle Antigen)
Muscle antibodies were first identified in patients with chronic hepatitis, oher liver diseases, vral infections, crtain cancers and female infertility. SA is a heterogeneous group of antibodies reactive with different smooth muscle auto antigens. Dfferent SMAs give different immunofluorescent staining patterns which help the laboratory...
Denver International airport
Its location is clear of Denver and hence lessens the noise concerns (Fly Denver, n.d.).
The underground constructions are for the underground train system connecting all the terminals and for baggage handling. None of the workers ever reported seeing anything unusual. There have been no cases...
Organisational behavior and performance
The major policies towards the reduction of needlestick injuries are as follows, frst, te following recommended guidelines and employee training have immense rewards. Scondly, te improvement of equipment design, sfe recapping procedures and effective disposal systems are necessary and lastly, oganizations should undertake surveillance programs...
Response to Be Virus Free
Table 1. Diversity of viruses causing some major human diseases
Clinically important species
Hepatitis A virus, Polio virus
Herpes simplex types 1&2, Human herpes virus
Hepatitis B virus
Human Immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
The Role Of Childhood Vaccinations and Immunizations
Despite the many benefits of childhood vaccinations and immunizations, there are a number of risks that are involved in the same. After immunization, some babies might have some experiences such as irritation, fever, or feeling unwell. However, the good thing is that such effects are...
The Pathogenesis of HIV, HBV and HCV Infections
Hepatitis B virus or HBV is a species categorized under genus orthoviridae which falls into the family Hepadnaviridae. Viruses from this family have an affinity mainly to liver cells and also to cells of the kidney and pancreas and mononuclear cells. The HBV particle consists...
Risks Associated with Exposure to Allogeneic Blood Transfusions
The failure to detect an infectious blood donation in the screening program may arise from several reasons of human error to biological variability. While failure to detect infectious blood donation due to scientific or biological variability is difficult to remove, failure to detect infectious blood...
How cirrhosis happens pathologically and physiologically
A laparoscope is an instrument with a camera that relays pictures to a computer screen. Aliver biopsy can confirm the diagnosis of cirrhosis but is not always necessary. Abiopsy is usually done if the result might have an impact on treatment. Te biopsy is performed...
There is fewer diet restriction and fluid. I has seen that the patients should rather eat any food such as protein and in any quantity. I should be remembered that protein is number one contributor of nitrogenous waste product that the kidney should work exercise...
Medical Safety And Ethical implications Of Vaccination
Innate immunity develops after actual exposure to the disease organism. Acquired immunity develops after exposure to vaccination. Acquired immunity may be active or passive immunity. Active immunity is that immunity that develops following exposure to an antigenic stimulus, while passive immunity develops after direct injection...
Healthcare Marketing Analysis Paper
Consumer feedback is a great tool to check the product’s (vaccines) performance and validity by reading customer letters and listening to feedback, monitoring and analyzing www records - which pages people visit most, in which order, etc., taking note of the offers people respond to...
Pages: 5 (1250 words)
High rate of people who affected by cancer in the Middle East
The major objective of MECC is to reduce gradually the incidence and impact of cancer in these countries through collaborative research. By comparing the cancer incidence in Four Member Countries of the MECC with U.S SEER, a monograph was released by the National Cancer Institute...
Pages: 4 (1000 words)
This also brings up another ethical issue which is equal protection and vaccination for the boy child. Te primary principle seen in this ethical dilemma is the respect for autonomy. Vccination necessitates that the person agree to take the risk of taking the medication for...
Links between poverty and poor health in australia
Leprosy cases increased among aborigines despite the fact that the disease is almost non-existent among non-aborigines; the cases of TB, diabetes, and hepatitis B also rose among the natives; and alcohol and drug abuses were prevalent in their population (Eckerman, et.al., 1992). Health experts...
Pages: 6 (1500 words)
Drugs that treat Hepatitis C
Moreover, it is the treatment option for the patients unable to take ribavirin.
Studies are being carried out to establish the prolonged (4 years) maintenance monotherapy with pegylated IFNs and also for those not responding to IFN-ribavirin combinations. Although a large randomized relationship of pegIFN...
Viral clearance is observed in around 10-60% of the infected cases. This is due to the actions carried out by various liver enzymes like alanine and aspartate transaminase (ALT & AST) along with the plasma HCV-RNA clearance. Even though such defense mechanisms are prevalent...
Pages: 10 (2500 words)
Issues in Emergency Service Management
The issue of health, fitness, and wellness of fire-fighters is record keeping. It is essential for the fire department to maintain a record for all employees regarding health so that appropriate measures can be taken in order to ensure fitness. The NFPA 1581 standard requires...
The Influence of Long Term Use of Heroin on the Immune System
The term “hardcore” has been defined as “repeated use of heroin three to six times a day for over 1 year, with development of tolerance, dependence, and drug-seeking behavior” by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (Kreek 1987b, National Institute on Drug Abuse 1983 and...
Functions of type III interferons
In addition to these functions, there is the possibility for an anti-inflammatory role for interferons, as their anti-inflammatory properties in several anti-inflammatory disease models in animals have been convincingly demonstrated. While there is growing clarity in the beneficial aspects of the types of interferons, less...
Pages: 6 (1500 words)
Community care paramedics
The local reactions at injection site include tenderness, mlaise, fver, rsh, hpotension, ad lymphadenopathy (Fiore, Bidges, &Cox, 2009). Hb or PRP vaccine represents a conjugate vaccine designed for the prevention of invasive disease emanating from the utilization of Hib vaccine. Hb may be administered as...